Last great culture of the higher Palaeolithic found in Europe between 17,000 and 10,000 before our era. It is divided into three chronological groups: Lower Magdalenian (17,000-13,000), Middle Magdalenian (13,000-11,500) and Higher Magdalenian (11,500-10,000).
Name given to a family of imposing luxury carriages (road-coach, park-drag, summer open coach) coming from the mail-coach, used in England to carry mail.
The French word for it “malle-poste” seems to be used for the first time in 1793 in a decree by the Convention ordering the beginning of coaches specially designed to transport dispatches, mail and a small number of passengers. It only applies to coaches made according to models and very precise specifications. From their creation in the latter decade of the 18th century to when they disappeared in 1857, mail coaches were built as per different models.
Luxury made Phaeton with a flat bottom body without wheel crossing, is set on a mail suspension with shaft and eight straight springs forming squares. “This new type of coach is specifically designed for country drives. It is very fashionable with those who love driving themselves”.(Journal des Haras, t. 1, 1828, p. 350).
Four-wheeled town carriage. The widely open bodywork, without doors, with a lowered bottom, includes a two-passenger seat covered by a leather head. The coachman’s seat is set on a wooden chest which is part of the body.